Lessons to be drawn from identifying hotspots for casualty incidents and type in previous years
SINGAPORE. (Jan 29, 2015) – Shipping safety remains an ever present issue at the start of 2015 as industry regulators make louder calls to investigate a range of incident types and improve safety standards. According to the latest data from IHS (NYSE: IHS), a leading global provider of critical information and insight, a total of 1,639 maritime casualty incidents were reported during 2014, a 10 percent increase from 2013 when 1,489 incidents were reported.
The chart below shows the numbers of incident types that has occurred for 2013 and 2014 across all incident categories worldwide.
Source: IHS Maritime & Trade, 2013-2014
Notably, of all the casualty incident types, hull and machinery damage, wrecking and stranding, ship-on-ship collisions and contact damage continues to show a marked increase in incident rates, IHS Maritime & Trade data shows.
In 2014, there was a considerable increase in all four of these categories, with a 23 percent year-on-year increase in collisions alone. Not surprisingly, it is the busy waters of the South China Sea that saw the highest number of collisions.
Of note in 2014 under the fire/explosion category was the Japanese tanker Shoko Maru, which caught fire during maintenance in May 2014. However, there was a notable 26 percent decrease from the previous year along with foundering, which saw a 28 percent drop from 2013.
More Caution as Global Fleet Expands
Looking ahead, the IHS Maritime & Trade’s Fleet Capacity model shows that 1,484 vessels will be added in 2015 to the main global trading fleet, which stood at 42,604 in 2014. This trend will continue at roughly 3 percent per year and will pass the 50,000 mark by 2020.
“As the world’s trading fleet expands, so too will port congestion and vessel ages. It is likely that 2015 will see further increases in the number of casualty incidents,” said Gary Li, senior analyst at IHS Maritime & Trade. “It is worthwhile looking back at the previous year in order to assess the trends and causes in order to better understand the risks ahead.”
For example, the main locations of incidents continue to occur in the busy maritime trading zones of Europe and Asia Pacific. IHS data (see chart below) shows that 2014 saw double digit year-on-year increases in the number of incidents in the top-10 trading zones, with the British Isles and the North Sea seeing a 19 percent increase alone, while Eastern Mediterranean and the South China Sea seeing 12 percent increases each.
Source: IHS Maritime & Trade
“The continued growth in global maritime trade is of course good news, but it should go hand in hand with the safety of seafarers” Li said. “However, the declining rate of total losses as a proportion of overall casualties is a good trend”.
The age of vessels involved is also a factor, with the majority of those incidents occurring in Canada, Russia and the Great Lakes being vessels with the highest average ages of 28-31 years.
“One of the reasons is that these regions see many small locally operating vessels, or vessels that possess specialisms that are hard to replace, such as icebreaking tugs in the Arctic ports,” Li said. “For example, 156 Canadian flagged vessel casualties averaged 31 years and 127 Russian flagged vessels averaged 26 years.”
Passenger vessels continue to be the most at risk in terms of potential fatalities due to the large number of passengers on board. Throughout last year, 418 people lost their lives with another 138 missing, a far deadlier year than 2013, when 201 were killed and another 149 reported missing.
“The shipping community must not slacken in ensuring the meeting of safety regulations and the propagation of safety knowledge and best practice,” Li said. “Extra care should be taken amongst passenger vessels and those operating in Northern Europe and South East Asia, which will continue to be hotspots for casualty incidents.”
About IHS (www.ihs.com)
IHS (NYSE: IHS) is the leading source of insight, analytics and expertise in critical areas that shape today’s business landscape. Businesses and governments in more than 150 countries around the globe rely on the comprehensive content, expert independent analysis and flexible delivery methods of IHS to make high-impact decisions and develop strategies with speed and confidence. IHS has been in business since 1959 and became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange in 2005. Headquartered in Englewood, Colorado, USA, IHS is committed to sustainable, profitable growth and employs about 8,800 people in 32 countries around the world.
IHS is a registered trademark of IHS Inc. All other company and product names may be trademarks of their respective owners. © 2015 IHS Inc. All rights reserved.